What Is the Objective of the Paris Agreement Established in 2015

The Paris Agreement is a landmark global pact that was signed in 2015 with the objective of mitigating climate change. The main aim of this agreement is to limit the global temperature rise to below 2 degrees Celsius above pre-industrial levels, with a target of 1.5 degrees Celsius. This article will explore the objectives of the Paris Agreement and how it aims to achieve its goals.

What is the Paris Agreement?

The Paris Agreement is a legally binding international treaty under the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC). It was signed on December 12, 2015, by 196 countries, including the United States, China, India, and the European Union. The agreement aims to strengthen the ability of countries to deal with the impacts of climate change and to reduce greenhouse gas emissions.

Objective of the Paris Agreement

The primary objective of the Paris Agreement is to limit global warming to well below 2 degrees Celsius above pre-industrial levels, while also pursuing efforts to further limit the temperature increase to 1.5 degrees Celsius. This is a critical objective because climate change is already having profound impacts on our planet, including more frequent and severe natural disasters, rising sea levels, and extreme weather events.

The Paris Agreement recognizes that reducing greenhouse gas emissions is essential for achieving the target of limiting global warming. Therefore, the agreement aims to strengthen the ability of countries to deal with the impacts of climate change while also reducing global greenhouse gas emissions.

How Will The Paris Agreement Achieve Its Objective?

The Paris Agreement outlines several strategies that will be used to achieve its objective. These include:

1. Nationally Determined Contributions (NDCs): Each country is required to submit a pledge outlining its own efforts to reduce greenhouse gas emissions. These pledges are referred to as nationally determined contributions (NDCs). The Paris Agreement encourages countries to regularly update their NDCs to reflect their evolving circumstances and to increase their ambition over time.

2. Enhanced transparency and accountability: The Paris Agreement includes provisions for enhanced transparency and accountability in reporting on emissions reductions and progress towards meeting NDCs. This includes regular reporting and review of progress towards meeting NDCs.

3. Green Climate Fund: The Paris Agreement establishes a Green Climate Fund (GCF) to support developing countries in their efforts to mitigate and adapt to climate change. The GCF is intended to help developing countries transition to low-carbon and climate-resilient development pathways.

Conclusion

The Paris Agreement is a critical global pact that aims to mitigate climate change by reducing global greenhouse gas emissions. Its primary objective is to limit global warming to well below 2 degrees Celsius above pre-industrial levels, while also pursuing efforts to further limit the temperature increase to 1.5 degrees Celsius. The agreement outlines several strategies to achieve its objective, including NDCs, enhanced transparency and accountability, and the Green Climate Fund. By working together, the international community can reduce the impact of climate change on our planet for generations to come.